Non-fragrant white flowers in flat-topped cymes (to 4.5" diameter) appear in spring. After the flowers are fertilized and fade away, black fruits, known as "drupes," form and ripen by fall. Blackhaw Viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium) fruit Chipmunks, squirrels and many bird species, including Hermit Thrush, Cardinals, Bluebirds and … Incorporate into the background of a native planting. The edible fruit tastes like raisins. This is a great shrub for naturalized areas or can be used as a hedge or specimen. The flowers are borne in flat-topped cymes 10 cm in diameter in mid to late spring. A Missouri native plant which commonly occurs in moist woods, thickets and on streambanks throughout the State. Small specimen tree or large specimen shrub. The website also provides access to a database and Viburnum Blackhaw Tree Information is Another Unique Edible Plant Viburnum Blackhaw Tree Information is Another Unique Edible Plant. 1/3 inch oval fruits are a mixture of green, yellow, and red-pink that transition to blue-black at maturity and are attractive to wildlife (especially birds). Pat Williams Location: Waukesha, WI This is one of my favorite viburnums. Its fruit matures in October, becoming sweet Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Blooms with white flowers in May, followed by the dark rose fruit that changes to blue-black in the fall. Very ornamental, Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw) is a large, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree noted for its eye-catching flower clusters, colorful berries and attractive fall color. It grows in hedges, woodlands and thickets. It is adaptable to soil types and pHs. Flat heads of white flowers in the spring. Virginia Tech Dendrology is THE source for tree identification. Bloom Color: White. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It provides 3 seasons of interest and is a high-value wildlife plant. Stems on emerging new growth are dark red with yellow green foliage which turns glossy dark green. High in vitamin C. Flowers can be added to pancakes, cake batters or made into fritters. New foliage emerges with a pink to red flush before maturing a clean dark green. The flavor of the fruit resembles that of dates or prunes, with a nice sweetness and subtle smoky flavor. Rehder, in 1920, wrote that Viburnum prunifolium flowers about a week before V. lentago, and Rader, in 1976, noted that V. prunifolium flowered about two weeks before V. rufidulum. Virburnum trilobum, High-Bush Cranberry red fruit substituted for cranberries, used in sauces, juice, jams, jellies, syrup and wine. Viburnum prunifolium L. – blackhaw Subordinate Taxa This plant has no children Legal Status Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The fruit is a drupe1 cm long, dark blu… They turn red to purple in the fall. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Viburnum prunifolium, Black Haw, Stagbush, bluish-black fruit, varying size, sweet, eaten in restaurants of hand, or used for jams, jelly, sauces, beverages and so on. Berries mature to purplish-black and are eaten by both humans and birds. It grows in rich soil from Canada south to Georgia and Kansas. Viburnum prunifolium Virburnum setigerum, Tea Viburnum, leaves are used as a substitute as tea. Viburnums set fruit better with more than one shrub for pollination. The ovate glossy leaves are 3-4 inches long and 1 inch across with fine serrations and a pointed tip. Fire in the landscape. However, Blackhaw’s #1 highlight is it’s stunning fall foliage. blackhaw Caprifoliaceae Viburnum prunifolium L. symbol: VIPR Leaf: Opposite, simple, elliptical in shape, very finely serrate, 1 to 3 inches long, pinnately veined, with a reddish petiole and often reddish leaf … Berries mature to purplish-black and are eaten by both humans and birds. They're edible for both humans and wildlife. It features abundant clusters of snowy white flowers called "cymes" that bloom in the spring. Viburnums set fruit better with more than one shrub for pollination. The spring flowers are in large white cymes and the fall leaf color is in reds and purples. Blackhaw prefers partial sun to partial shade and moist to dry well-drained soils. Flat-topped clusters of creamy-white flowers appear in mid May followed by blue-black fruit. Mapleleaf Viburnum prefers partial shade in moist acidic well-drained soils. Viburnum prunifolium, commonly called black haw, is usually grown as a large, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with an irregular crown, but it also may be grown as a small, single trunk tree. 1552-Viburnum prunifolium-DZ-8.12.JPG 1,988 × 1,418; 1.13 MB Category: Viburnum prunifolium Attractive white flowers borne in May bearing black fruit. Resistant to heat and drought. This plant has been used for medicinal purposed by Native Americans. 4-5 inch clusters of small white fragrant flowers appear in the spring. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Fruit type (general) the fruit is fleshy Bark texture the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated Twig winter color brown gray red Bud scale number Most have attractive foliage with amazing fall color, clusters of blooms that develop into groups of tasty fruit for overwintering birds to devour. Tolerates drought. The fruit is somewhat variable in size and quality, the best forms are nice raw whilst others are used for making preserves etc. Grow as a small tree or multi-stemmed shrub. The leaves develop a beautiful red color in fall. Strong Fall color makes this plant useful for mass plantings or specimen landscapes. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The … Media in category "Viburnum prunifolium" The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. It provides 3 seasons of interest and is a high-value wildlife plant. Fruits can be eaten raw or used in jams and preserves. The fruit are a good food source for small mammals and birds such as the Eastern Bluebird, Northern Flicker, Gray Catbird, and American Robin. Individual flowers at 5 petaled and 1/4 inch across with long yellowish stamens. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Viburnum prunifolium ‘Ovation’ – This form of the Blackhaw Viburnum is unusually columnar, much taller growing than its 4’ width. Blackhaw is a large suckering native shrub or small tree that may grow 20 feet tall and nearly as wide. The branches are perpendicular to the stem, unlike most other vase-shaped viburnums. Use this shrub in borders, hedges, as a foundation plant or it will naturalize in woodland settings. Bark is gray to brown on outside and reddish brown on inside. Fruits are edible and may be eaten off the bush when ripe or used in jams and preserves.Genus name comes from the Latin name of a species plant.Specific epithet means with leaves like Prunus.Common name refers to the purported similarity of this plant to hawthorns (sometimes commonly called red haws), though hawthorns are in a different family. The black haw viburnum is a species of viburnum shrub that can also be trained to grow like a small tree. Birds relish the fruit. Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Plum Leaf Viburnum, Stagberry Photo by Cure Nursery Smooth Blackhaw, native to much of mid-latitude Eastern and central U.S., is a large deciduous shrub or small tree which usually grows to around 15 feet tall and wide, but if grown as a single-stemmed tree form, it can reach up to 30 feet. By no means are these small fruits a significant food source, but they provide a tasty nibble throughout fall and even through winter as they hang dried on the branches. The spring flowers are in large white cymes and the fall leaf color is in reds and purples. AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV. The plants, though small, offer a nice mix of Viburnum prunifolium vy-BURN-um prew-nih-FOE-lee-um Audio Blackhaw Viburnum is a large shrub or small tree with clusters of creamy white flowers followed by … Viburnum prunifolium has smaller oval leaves that develop reddish-purple fall color. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The flowers are creamy white, 9 mm diameter; the calyx is urn-shaped, five-toothed, persistent; the corolla is five-lobed, with rounded lobes, imbricate in bud; the five stamens alternate with the corolla lobes, the filaments slender, the anthers pale yellow, oblong, two-celled, the cells opening longitudinally; the ovary is inferior, one-celled, with a thick, pale green style and a flat stigma and a single ovule. Viburnum Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium), another unique edible plant, is a native as an understory shrub in the Eastern and Midwestern United States. Display from September to October. Fall color ranges from golden yellow to orange to burgundy. Adaptable to most sites, wet, dry, sun or shade. Birds eat the purple-black fruit in the fall. Its twig form provides shelter to wildlife. It is drought tolerant once established. The taste is best after a frost. Fruit - raw or cooked. Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw Viburnum Horizontal branching habit with white flowers followed by impressive black fruit. Blackhaw tree facts suggest that this “tree” grows naturally as a large shrub, since Blackhaw viburnum trees (Viburnum prunifolium) don’t generally grow taller than 15 feet high. Can form thickets Flowers on old wood, prune after floweringTolerant of black walnut toxicity and aerial salt spray Viburnum rufidulum has shiny leaves that turn burgundy-purple fall … A large shrub or multi-stemmed or single stemmed tree with dense, upright-oval branching. The berries of the blackhaw viburnum (V. prunifolium) can be made into preserves or Prune immediately after flowering since flower buds form in summer for the following year. Form: Upright or erect, Vase. The ovoid fruit Native Range: Eastern and central North America, Tolerate: Drought, Clay Soil, Black Walnut, Air Pollution. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Blackhaw Viburnum is an American spcies, a deciduous shrub which reaches 15 feet high producing a cluster of white flowers, serrated oval leaves and blue-black berries. Ovate, finely toothed, glossy dark green leaves (to 4" long) turn attractive shades of red and purple in fall. The bark is brown-gray and smooth in youth, but rough with flat-topped plates and gray-black with age, Twigs are smooth, gray, and relatively thin. A thin dry flesh with a sweet taste. Two plants are required As a shrub, it typically grows 12-15' tall with a spread of 6-12', but as a tree may reach a height of 30'. It will grow in deep shade but will rarely bloom. Blackhaw is one of the more shade-tolerant viburnums. More than one genetic strain is needed for good fruit set. Shrub borders. Unlike other Viburnum species in my yard, V. prunifolium is largely left untouched by deer. Flowers give way in autumn to blue-black, berry-like drupes which often persist into winter and are quite attractive to birds and wildlife. Blooms from March to April. Some of the best varieties for our area have been Blackhaw Viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium) and Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum (Viburnum rufidulum). In spring, masses of flat-topped creamy-white flower clusters, 4.5 in. It is a host plant for Spring/Summer Azure butterflies. Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, squirrels and chipmunks. Fruit is red and is native to both Europe and North America. Tall hedge or screen. Blackhaw is drought tolerant, does well in urban conditions and can be pruned to a tree form. N.C. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. As a shrub, it typically grows 12-15' tall with a spread of 6-12', but as a tree may reach a height of 30'. —The sweet viburnum (Viburnum lentago L.), known also as nannyberry and sheepberry, is collected with V. prunifolium. Viburnum prunifolium, commonly called black haw, is usually grown as a large, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with an irregular crown, but it also may be grown as a small, single trunk tree. wide (11 cm), are elegantly held above the foliage. On inside fruits, known as `` drupes, '' form and ripen by fall of Virginia Tech Dendrology the... 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