It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. Poplar comes from a dicot, which makes it a hardwood. It also indicates the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species. We are not offering onsite sawing at this time! The Janka hardness scale, used to determine whether or not a wood species is suitable for flooring, is the primary test measuring wood’s resistance to wear and dentability. It is important to remember that the testing process used in the Janka scale is an impact test, not a test of scratching, scuffing, or any other wear and tear that flooring experiences. The easiest and most universally accepted way of determining the strength and durability of lumber is by evaluating its Janka scale rating. A common measurement for wood hardness is the Janka scale. The Janka Test is a measure of the hardness of wood. To learn the basic hardness of different common woods used in … Pine’s many uses include flooring, lumber, plywood, poles, pulp, paper, Christmas trees, and pine straw. The Janka Scale can even reveal subtle hardness differences between woods that appear to be quite similar. Pine woods can vary widely in hardness from species to species. You might find this species in some very low-end furniture, but it is generally considered too soft to use for home furnishings and finishes. Janka Scale Ratings The first thing to remember about the Janka Rating scale is the fact that not every wood is suitable for flooring. The Janka Scale can even reveal subtle hardness differences between woods that appear to be quite similar. The scale was invented in 1906 by Gabriel Janka, an Austrian wood researcher, and standardized in 1927 by the American Society for Testing and Materials ().Depending on the room where the flooring will be installed, a certain level of hardness may make it a more desirable choice. Janka Wood Hardness Scale The Janka rating is a measure of the amount of force required to push a.444" diameter steel ball half way into a piece of wood. However, there are plenty exceptions to that. Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) During a Janka hardness test, a metal ball the size of a BB is pressed into the wood until its embedded halfway. Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta) 17808 568th Ave, Reclaimed Wood, because of its age, generally has a higher Janka rating than virgin wood of the same species. on: function (event, callback) { Shortleaf (Southern Yellow) Pine (Pinus echinata) All Rights Reserved. While it may be tempted to look for the species with the highest rating, it could be more trouble than it’s worth – if it’s even available. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter (the diameter was chosen to produce a circle with an area of 100 square millimeters). window.mc4wp = { The red heartwood of the tree is sold as “Heart Pine.” Heart Pine is sold in Clear and #2 Common grades also, although some manufacturers produce other grades. Both nails and glue hold well with pine flooring. White Cypress Pine (Callitris glauca). On average, the various species sand better than white oak but the softer varieties can sometimes marr under heavy traffic. The Janka hardness test measures the resistance of a type of wood to withstand denting and wear. The Janka scale measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear and is typically expressed in lbf (pounds-force) or N (Newtons). It is important to note that the durability of pine depends a great deal on the type of pi… The Janka Scale was developed by the Austrian wood researcher named Gabriel Janka back in 1906. Now, this wood hardness scale is used in determining how hard a particular type of wood is. There may be variations of more or less than 20% on the scale, since this is a scientific test. Janka values represent the amount of pound-force that is required to partially embed a small steel ball into the surface of the wood. True pine has a Janka rating of 1570, Carribean heart pine is 1280, red pine is 1630, longleaf southern yellow pine is 870, both shortleaf and loblolly southern yellow pine are 690, white pine is 420, and eastern white pine ranks in at 380 to give a few specific numbers. window.mc4wp.listeners.push({ Yellow Pine, Long Leaf 870 Olivewood, Brazilian 3700 Yellow Pine, Short Leaf 690 Patagonian Rosewood 3840 Yellowheart 1820 Brazilian Tiger Mahogany 3840 Zebrawood 1575 Curupy 3880 www.workshoppages.com There would be regenerating stands where the pine and fir stumps would be soil, but the larch would be hard and dry and dense – ideal for fuel. All sawing will be completed at our Mankato, MN shop. Janka Hardness: 770 As a flooring option, sycamore falls on the lower end of the Janka hardness scale. We at Carpet and Tile Mart don't sell anything with a Janka rating less than 1360. The Janka test measures the necessary force to embed a.44″ diameter steel ball halfway into a piece of wood. Flooring choices can range comparably from hard maple or wenge to red oak to even softer than Douglas fir in hardness. It is between longleaf and shortleaf southern pine in hardness, is forty-three percent softer than white oak, about forty-seven percent softer than wenge, and is only … Benguet Pine (Pinus insularis) The US typically will use lbf. Slash Pine (Pinus elliottii) Wood species vary in many ways, but a key factor in finishing wood is the hardness of the wood. } The sapwood of pine is usually light yellowish-white to yellowish-tan, while the heartwood is light orange-yellow to red or yellowish-brown in color. The wood has a closed grain varying in figuring amongst the species. The Janka Test was developed as a variation of the Brinell hardness test. Janka Rating System When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. Longleaf (Southern Yellow) Pine (Pinus palustris) Our chart is based on the Janka Hardness Scale which is the industry standard for gauging the ability of various wood species to resist denting and tolerate normal wear. } The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. Pine species do not usually have a high resistance to decay, but they do have a propensity to absorb preservatives rather well. The resilience of wood is typically measured with something known as a Janka scale. })(); Copyright ©2018 U.S. callback: callback listeners: [], Copyright 2019. event : event, Grades of Yellow Pine Flooring Available: Yellow Pine flooring is typically graded Clear and #2 Common and Better. Pine describes a whole variety of wood species, which are traditionally broken down into four main subgroups: Southern Pines, Fire Pines, White Pines, and “Old World” Pines. However, it was only in 1927 when Janka’s scale was standardized by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Floor Masters. Spruce Pine (Pinus glabra) Below we've compiled the janka values of several of the most popular North American hardwoods used to make furniture in the United States and attempted to represent them visually. Trying to figure what what wood specie you want to use for a project? Generally speaking, softwoods tend to be softer than their hardwood counterparts. The Janka hardness test is a measurement of the force necessary to embed a.444-inch … Good Thunder, MN 56037. Conversely, a ranking of 4,000 means the lumber is extremely difficult to process and thus is not suitable for processing on the large scale flooring requires. The Janka hardness test is a measurement of the force necessary to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. The Janka test measures the force required to embed an 11.28mm steel ball halfway into a piece of wood. } forms : { (function() { Entries in red are some of the woods builders commonly search for when researching wood species to build with. A Janka rating of zero indicates that the wood is much too soft to be used in flooring or for any purpose that requires a durable lumber. The Janka Hardness Test was conducted by measuring the amount of force necessary to embed a .444 inch steel ball into side of the wood up to one half of its diameter to determine its hardness rating, which is then recorded on the Janka Hardness Scale. To compare, white pine sits at the bottom of the Janka scale, with a rating of 380. Southern yellow pine (shortleaf and Loblolly) has a rating of 690. Please note that this is just a partial list containing some of the most popular choices for woods we work with. Online or in store. We feature a tremendous selection of hardwoods imported from every corner of the world, as well as exotic laminates like Hawaiian Koa for as low as $1.99 per square foot! Pine on average does not require an abnormal amount of effort to saw properly. True pine has a Janka rating of 1570, Carribean heart pine is 1280, red pine is 1630, longleaf southern yellow pine is 870, both shortleaf and loblolly southern yellow pine are 690, white pine is 420, and eastern white pine ranks in at 380 to give a few specific numbers. Compare different species based on their hardness. Trademarks and brands are the property of Run Of The Mill, LLC . The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular … Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida) If there is a species you would like to see listed that isn’t in the list below, just post a comment and be sure to list the wood species name and Janka hardness number along with it (and country of origin, if possible.) The grain is usually straight, sometimes irregular, and the texture is commonly medium and uneven. The actual number listed in the wood profile is the amount of pounds-force (lb f) or newtons (N) required to imbed a .444″ (11.28 mm) diameter steel ball into the wood to half the ball’s diameter.This number is given for wood that has been dried to … In laymans terms it is a way to measure a woods resistance to denting. Red Pine (Pinus resinosa) Radiata Pine (Pinus radiata) Janka Hardness: 690. The wood commonly has no odor. Shop: The resulting data is expressed in pounds-force, or lbf.. True pine has a Janka rating of 1570, Carribean heart pine is 1280, red pine is 1630, longleaf southern yellow pine is 870, both shortleaf and loblolly southern yellow pine are 690, white pine is 420, and eastern white pine ranks in at 380 to give a few specific numbers. if (!window.mc4wp) { Pine (Carpinus betulus) The scale measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to a depth of half the ball’s diameter into the wood. A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation on the Brinell hardness test. Janka hardness testing. Some of the more common species are listed below. Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana) The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter. North America into Central America, as well as Northern Europe and the former Soviet Republics. How Dense/Hard is Poplar Wood? Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) Janka hardness test From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. Free Samples! Scrub Pine (Pinus virginiana) }); Yellow Pine is at the bottom of the Janka scale. Pond Pine (Pinus serotina) What is the Janka Scale? Heart Pine 1225 Carbonized Bamboo 1180 Teak 1000 The True Measure of Wood: Janka Hardwood Scale This scale is the worldwide standard for gauging the ability of various species of wood to endure normal wear and tear. Janka Hardness Ratings of Wood Species . Carribean (Heart) Pine (Pinus caribaea) The Janka Hardness Scale determines the hardness of a particular type of wood over another. Softwood comes from gymnosperm trees, like cedar, fir, and pine. Goodwin Heart Pine flooring Janka ratings can be found on our Reclaimed Wood Product Selector. How does the test work? Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) } Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana) Aromatic Cedar & Yellow Pine both qualify as medium density wood species on the Janka scale. Get 4 Free Online Samples With Free Shipping! Southern longleaf pine has a rating of 870 lb-ft. Douglas fir comes in between the types of pine, with its own rating of 660 on the Janka scale. White pine has a 420 lb-ft rating on the Janka scale. Most pine species are not difficult or time consuming to dry properly. Serving Upstate NY—VT—MA • For selections & prices, CALL or EMAIL US Janka Hardness Scale for Wood Flooring Species. Western White Pine (Pinus monticola) Loblolly (Southern Yellow) Pine (Pinus taeda) It is a flooring industry standard for gauging the ability of various species to tolerate denting and normal wear, as well as being a good indication of the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood. 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