Microfilm edition of maps published in the annual reports of the Great Northern and Northern Pacific Railway companies. Just type in a town or city and click on the timeline of maps at the bottom of the page! All were scrapped during the 1950s. A colorful Northern Pacific caboose at Savanna, Illinois during the early Burlington Northern era on August 15, 1971. As the company's fortunes failed to improve both Jay Cooke's firm and the railroad slipped into bankruptcy on September 18, 1873 setting off a chain reaction of bank failures, causing the United States to slip into a depression. Unfortunately, despite many attempts neither Perham nor other politicians could garner enough support for government loans. Three routes were surveyed over the next few years known as the northern, central, southern routes. As the economy slowly recovered so did NP's earnings power; first, a subsidiary known as the Western Railroad Company of Minnesota completed a direct link between Sauk Rapids and Brainerd, which offered a through route from those points into St. Paul. As officials fought off Congressional attempts to revoke NP's land grants they managed to complete a short western branch from Tacoma to Wilkeson where coal was discovered (financed entirely through the road's earnings back east). Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division. Map highlights the rail network of northern eastern railway zone with major junctions and stations. Northern railway (NR) zone of India established in 1952, headquarter is Delhi and divisions are Delhi, Ambala, Firozpur, Lucknow, Moradabad. The Modern Northern Pacific Railway. The Northern Pacific Railway (reporting mark NP) was a transcontinental railroad that operated across the northern tier of the western United States from Minnesota to the Pacific Coast. Less than a year later, during June of 1883, rails arrived in Helena. North Pacific Coast Freight Roster. Note what appears to be a Chicago & North Western stock car and Baltimore & Ohio "Wagon Top" boxcar directly behind the locomotives. Drew Jacksich photo. After numerous attempts the four became one in 1970 when Burlington Northern, Inc. (BNI) was formed. See more ideas about railway, pacific, model trains. A perfect, A-B-B-A lashup of Northern Pacific FT's lead a freight extra towards Bozeman Tunnel west of Livingston, Montana. However, as was so often the case during that era, powerful interests worked very hard to block or stall the effort. Undeterred the three railroads continued to push forward. After he also failed to achieve federal support he attempted to woo prominent Eastern/Midwestern railroaders. Map showing land grant routes on Northern Pacific Railway system, 1924. The most spectacular was the tunnel over Garfield Pass, later known as Stampede Pass, which sat at an elevation of 2,852 feet. Richard J. Finally, what was dubbed the "Cascade Branch" would be built due west through Washington and penetrate the Puget Sound region. After overcoming a bit more legal work and objections the four railroads finally became one at 12:01 AM on March 2, 1970. Northern Pacific Railroad Company; Rand McNally and Company, 1879 View larger, zoomable image (turn off pop-up blocker) Full Title: Map of the Northern Pacific Railroad and connections. October 23rd, 1893. Great Northern Railway and connections; ... Map showing land grant of the Northern Pacific Railroad Co. in eastern Washington and northern Idaho ... Post route map of the State of Washington: showing post offices with the intermediate distances on mail routes in operation on the 1st of September, 1897; They returned to St. Louis on September 23, 1806 and while their trek yielded invaluable information, thoughts of a railroad were still decades away. In the end, Northern Pacific's independence was short-lived due, in part, to its excessive debt load brought about through its construction. Utilizing the OR&N to reach Tacoma would not suffice. Maps of the Great Plains that were printed in the 1850s show a proposed route running from western Minnesota along the northern edge of the Missouri River. Panel title: Northern Pacific R.R., the Yellowstone Park route to Montana and the Pacific Coast. Bureau of Statistics - Rand McNally and Company. The two individuals responsible for the historic endeavor included Captain Merriweather Lewis and Lieutenant William Clark, both Virginians. Report To The Section Boss. Railway Overland Express approaching rapidly. As NP's progress continued westward, it breached Bozeman Pass within Montana's Belt Mountains via a 3,610-foot tunnel completed on October 28, 1882. It also marked another major milestone in American history as the country now enjoyed two routes to the Pacific coast. A great hurdle was cleared when they worked out an agreement with the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific whereby their only transcontinental competitor was afforded eleven new western gateways. Northern Pacific and Cascade Railroad (4/21/1898) Northern Pacific, Fergus and Black Hills Railroad (4/21/1898) Northern Pacific, La Moure and Missouri River Railroad (4/21/1898) Northern Pacific and Montana Railroad (4/21/1898) Northern Pacific and Puget Sound Shore Railroad (4/21/1898) Rocky Fork and Cooke City Railway (4/21/1898) Behind the locomotives is Union Station, used by the Union Pacific and later Milwaukee Road. At the time, Villard's OR&N (incorporated on July 13, 1879), controlled all trade along the Columbia River through a combination of steamboats and rail service. While the Northern Pacific was awarded land grants it would have to raise the needed capital on its own. Standard Time in Canada. The Great Northern Railway Trail is a work in progress, but the completion of the first section over two spectacular viaducts opens up the potential for day rides in … The Northern Pacific is a very old tale involving great hardship and struggle. © Copyright 2007-2020 American-Rails.com. In the end, eight different options put forth running various parallels from north to south. The train will soon be handed over to the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy in St. Paul for its run to Chicago. The Northern Pacific was chartered by Congress in … But for its many accolades, the Northern Pacific had still not fulfilled its charter by directly serving the Puget Sound. Additional route maps can be found by browsing the library catalog using the subject headings Railroads -- Minnesota -- Maps or Railroads -- North American -- Maps. These included the 49th, 47th, 42nd, 41st, 39th, 38th, 35th, and 32nd. Map exhibiting the several Pacific railroads, The Northern Pacific Railroad and connections. However, fortunes soon turned and the NP slipped into bankruptcy. The Pacific Railroad Surveys were authorized by Congress in 1852 in order to have systematic studies done to decide on the route of a transcontinental railroad. by Craig Hoefer. ... Sandford Fleming’s Proposed Routes for the Pacific Railway. Color coded to show "Northern Pacific Lines, Proper, Oregon Railway & Navigation Co's System, Oregon and Transcontinental Branch Lines, Lines to be constructed." Northern Pacific Railroad Company - Stevens, Isaac Ingalls. Author's collection. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. The central route took six years to construct, while the northern route took twelve years. Only weeks later, South Carolina formally seceded from the Union (December 20, 1860); several others soon followed, Confederate forces opened fire on federal troops stationed inside Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor on April 12, 1861, and the Civil War was upon the nation. The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials. Map of Northern Pacific Railway operated lines and proposed extensions, 1899. Union Pacific operates North America's premier railroad franchise, covering 23 states in the western two-thirds of the United States. If you are researching anything EMD related please visit this page first. The biggest involved the western approach; instead of building its own line, Villard's OR&N was utilized along the Columbia River. Great Northern and Northern Pacific Railway Companies annual reports and maps, 1870-1968. (Dick) Lucas Collection. Electro-Motive Corporation/Electro-Motive Division. A new individual then joined the project, J. Gregory Smith. Rainier National Park Northern Pacific North Coast Limited. For a moment it seemed the entire scheme might actually be finished relatively quickly. At first, it appeared the railroad would be built without difficulty as noted banker Jay Cooke secured several million dollars in financing. He then added the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy a year later for through service into Chicago. At its peak, Northern Pacific's network stretched just over 6,800 miles; it contained 2,831 main line miles and 4,057 miles of secondary (branch) lines. For a detailed map of our network, please select the 'Northern Network Map' overview below. Maps. The Minnesota Historical Society holds the records of the Great Northern Railway, the Northern Pacific Railway, and the Soo Line Railroad Company, in addition to the records of hundreds of predecessor, subsidiary, and branch companies; collectively, the records date from 1855 to 1994 and comprise over 15,000 cubic feet of materials. As the process the railroad's name was formally changed to Burlington Northern, Inc. (BNI) during April of 1968. However, bond sales soon slowed to a trickle and Gregory Smith, then NP's president, resigned in August, 1872. North Pacific Coast Locomotive Roster. It was approved by Congress in 1864 and given nearly forty million acres (62,000 sq mi; 160,000 km ) of land grants, which it used to raise money in Europe for construction. Canadian Northern Railway System in Western Canada, 1916. Among the transcontinental railroads, it was the only one that used no public funding and only a few land grants. In 1893, James J. Hill, the "Empire Builder," had completed his own railroad to the Puget Sound, the Great Northern Railway. Land Grant Maps: No 100-1. Many were pulled up in the 1970's and 1980's although others were removed long before that. Following great effort he secured a rare federal charter for the Northern Pacific Railroad Company. Russ Porter photo. Following the railroad's opening it added several hundred miles in secondary branches to increase freight business. If you are researching active or abandoned corridors you might want to check out the, You will be hard pressed at finding a better online resource regarding diesel locomotives than Craig Rutherford's, Andre Kristopans put together a web page highlighting virtually every unit every out-shopped by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division. New and correct map of the lines of the Northern Pacific Railroad and Oregon Railway & Navigation Co. Summary Map of northern United States and part of Canada showing relief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and railroads. As these former territories were settled and their cities grew, an ever-increasing volume of freight and passengers flowed over Northern Pacific's rails. Change of Heart In 1899, to the delight of the recovering city, Northern Pacific president Charles S. Mellen purchased waterfront property from Washington to University streets and announced designs for a $500,000 depot. The Route of the North Pacific Coast in Google Earth. Northern Rail services call at over 500 stations (approximately 20% of all UK railway stations), of which we manage 464. It is difficult to truly articulate just how much material can be found at this website. Warren Calloway photo. There were changes, however. A company photo of Northern Pacific's flagship, the "North Coast Limited" (Chicago - Seattle), led by F9A #6701-C as it passes through western Montana circa 1969. In 1955 informal talks were again launched between the three allying railroads about regarding this issue. Preliminary sketch of the Northern Pacific Rail Road exploration and survey, by I. I. Stevens, Governor ... Map showing the land grant of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company in Montana, Idaho, and in ... Overland Express arriving at Helena, Mont. With this issue resolved the ICC reopened hearings on January 4, 1967. After coming on board his banking company, in essence, gained control of the NP. The Northern Pacific RR Company was chartered by special act of Congress in 1864, and construction was begun in 1870. This bill later passed both houses of Congress and was signed into law by President Lincoln on July 2, 1864. Map of the northern and western United States showing relief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns. If not, the government had authorization to cancel its charter. "It is train time. (1883) New and correct map of the lines of the Northern Pacific Railroad and Oregon Railway & Navigation Co. Chicago. On this day the train was carrying an RPO (Railway Post Office), mail/express, coaches, a cafe, and Pullman sleeper. Civil war and Reconstruction, the making of modern America. Utilizing the OR&N to reach Tacoma would not suffice. Some of the most impressive engineering feats here included O'Keefe's Canyon Trestle (1,800-feet long and 112-feet high), Marent's Gulch Trestle (860-feet long and 226-feet high), and the 3,850-foot tunnel over Mullan Pass. The surveys were carried out by the Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis. Learn how to create your own. Panel title: Preserve this Montana map, it shows the land grant of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company in Montana and Idaho, and in part of North Dakota, and... Kelley, William D. (William Darrah) - Ya Pamphlet Collection (Library of Congress) - Potts, Benjamin Franklin, Potts, Benjamin F. - Kelley, William D. (William Darrah). In the end, Perham's efforts went nowhere and the charter lay dormant for years. As the northernmost of these lines, the railroad spurred immigration and the development of lands along the route, especially in Minnesota. Rand, McNally & Co., Printers, 77 and 79 Madison Street, Chicago. Northern Pacific Railway Company, one of the northern transcontinental railroads of the United States, operating between St. Paul, Minn., and Seattle, Wash., and merged into the Burlington Northern in 1970. Later that year, on November 30th, the merger was approved by an 8-2 vote. Villard's ownership, though, did not amend NP's outlook as it pressed on towards completion (which still required more than 900 miles of new construction). Furthermore, this connection was not indefinitely guaranteed when Villard resigned as NP's president in 1884 (the OR&N would eventually wind up under rival Union Pacific's control by 1887). [From published bibliography], United States. Wisconsin Great Northern Railroad Excursion Train Open daily June to Oct 9 am to 5 pm. The latter was particularly important as it meant $100 million in construction bonds could be immediately sold. We look down the long platform, crowded with people, and see the famous N.P. Jay Cooke at first managed the enterprise, but after the Panic of 1873 the railroad company went into bankruptcy. The amount of information found there is quite staggering; historical backgrounds of wheel arrangements, types used by virtually every railroad, preserved and operational examples, and even those used in other countries (North America and beyond). The northern railroad route had long been anticipated. The NP wound up with a fleet of nearly 50 Challengers, which were predominantly assigned to heavy freights out west. An American Locomotive builder's photo featuring Northern Pacific 4-6-6-4 #5119 (Z-6), circa 1937. While the NP ultimately failed to meet this deadline, revocation of its charter proved extraordinarily difficult and was never successfully carried out. Collected Period News Articles. Tensions between Northern and Southern states were nearing a crescendo and the ongoing issue of slavery precluded any progress regarding a transcontinental railroad. (map on verso) Map of the Northern Pacific Railroad, and connections. Northern Pacific 2-8-2 #1545 (W) at work in Minneapolis on May 30, 1952. 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