Its trunk is now on display at The Filson Historical Society. It can be a beautiful tree in a large area, but is not recommended for smaller landscapes. Native to eastern North America, Fagus grandifolia (American Beech) is a magnificent, large, deciduous tree adorned with a short trunk and a dense, wide-spreading crown. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.. American Beech. American beech does not produce significant quantities of nuts until the tree is about 40 years old. It is sometimes planted as an ornamental tree, but even within its native area, it is planted much less often than the European beech. Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. American Beech « Previous Plant | Next Plant » Fagus grandifolia - American Beech. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,740 images. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Beech scale is an occasional problem on this tree. Awl-shaped, imbricate, 3/4-1" long and slender, shiny, pointy. Its foliage of ovate to elliptic, coarsely serrated, lustrous dark green leaves (5 in. September to October. It is difficult to grow turf under it because of its shallow root system. Beech leaf disease, first discovered in Ohio in 2012, is thought to be caused by nematodes. Back to Search Results. Fagus grandifolia at the USDA Forest Service's Silvics of North America site. Fagus grandifolia at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation. The better known Fagus subgenus beeches are high-branching with tall, stout trunks and smooth silver-grey bark. Fagus grandiflora or the North american Beech is a long lived, tall, deciduous tree with attractive, intricately cut, ovate, shiny leaves that turn brilliant reddish brown in autumn. It is a large deciduous tree typically growing to 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a dense, upright-oval to rounded-spreading crown. American Beech is a large deciduous tree with smooth, light-gray bark and prominently veined, toothed, dark green leaves. Fagus americana Sweet: FAFE: Fagus ferruginea Aiton: FAGRH: Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. This species is a member of the Fagaceae family. The American beech is native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to southern Ontario in southeastern Canada, west to Wisconsin and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida in the United States. This … Rich in oil, the seed also contains up to 22% protein. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Fagus grandifolia, or American beech, is native to eastern North America and found throughout the state of North Carolina. A. J. Rehder (1907) argued for recognition of a southern variety (Fagus grandifolia var. mexicana wird selten auch als eigene Art Fagus mexicana Martínez betrachtet. [citation needed], In the winter, some fall leaves stay on beech trees (marcescence), Seedlings of beech and maple in a beech–maple forest, Johnson City, TN, Beech bark disease has become a major killer of beech trees in the Northeastern United States. ssp. It also makes high quality, long-burning firewood. Fagus sylvatica: It's male flowers form in drooping, long-stemmed, globular clusters and the female flowers in short spikes. Im Herbst verfärbt es sich goldgelb bis braun. * The seed can be eaten raw or cooked. The only Fagus species found in the Western Hemisphere (assuming F. mexicana is treated as a subspecies), F. grandifolia is believed to have spanned the width of the North American continent all the way to the Pacific coast before the last ice age. long or 12 cm) turns rich russet and golden colors in the fall and holds on most of the winter. Beech buds are distinctly thin and long, resembling cigars; this characteristic makes beech trees relatively easy to identify. The trunks of mature beeches often rot and develop cavities that are used by wildlife for habitation. Fagus grandifolia, the American beech or North American beech, is the species of beech tree native to the eastern United States and extreme southeast Canada. Ecological succession is essentially the process of forests changing their composition through time; it is a pattern of events often observed on disturbed sites. Sweet und Fagus ferruginea Aiton die Unterart Fagus grandifolia subsp. It is a medium to large tree, growing usually to 80 feet (but observed also at 100 feet tall or more), and can spread between 40 to 70 feet. An excellent shade tree. Fagus grandifolia, commonly called American beech, is native to eastern North America. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Deer occasionally browse on beech foliage, but it is not a preferred food. The oldest documented tree is 246 years old. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Robust in well-drained, moist acid soil; will not stand compaction. The genus name Fagus is Latin for "beech", and the specific epithet grandifolia comes from grandis "large" and folium "leaf".[2]. This disease occurs when the beech scale insect, Cryptococcus fagisuga, attacks the bark, creating a wound that is then infected by one of two different species of fungi in the genus Nectria. The Mexican beech (Fagus grandifolia var. [6] One such beech tree in Louisville, Kentucky, in what is now the southern part of Iroquois Park, bore the legend "D. Boone kilt a bar" and the year in the late 18th century. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to var. The flowers are separate male and female flowers and appear in spring. The fruit is a small, sharply-angled nut, borne in pairs in a soft-spined, four-lobed husk. Attached in groups of 2 or 3, prickly husks that remain on the tree after the nut has fallen, 3/4 of an inch long. In the mountains, it is sometimes found in dense, unmixed stands or in association with sugar maples, yellow birch, and other hardwoods. Prickly brownish fruit; seeds trigonous. Fall color is golden bronze and leaves often last into winter. Fagus_grandifolia is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate. Simple, alternate, ovate-oblong leaves, 2 to 5 inch long, half as wide, acuminate tip, coarsely serrate. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from October to November. [3], The American beech is a shade-tolerant species, commonly found in forests in the final stage of succession. The tree is monoecious, with flowers of both sexes on the same tree. Fagus grandifolia subsp. It grows best in moist mountain coves and is often found scattered with oaks and hickories in rich, well-drained bottom land. Grouped toward the ends of branches or short branchlets. Although American beech can handle hotter climates,[7] its European cousin is faster-growing and more pollution-tolerant, in addition to being easier to propagate. The leaves turn a... See Details Below. Like European beech bark, the American beech bark is smooth and uniform, making it an attraction for people to carve names, dates, decorative symbols such as love hearts or gang identifiers, and other material into its surface. Beech nuts are edible to wildlife and humans,[9] but are too small to be commercially valuable. This tree is slightly salt tolerant. Fagaceae -- Beech family. All information on this site is copyright protected. Beech nuts were one of the primary foods of the now-extinct passenger pigeon; the clearing of beech and oak forests is pointed to as one of the major factors that may have contributed to the bird's extinction. Nuts are irregularly triangular, shiny brown and edible. Among vertebrates alone, these include ruffed grouse, wild turkeys, raccoons, red/gray foxes, white-tailed deer, rabbits, squirrels, opossums, pheasants, black bears, porcupines, and humans. Although American beech's natural range extends across most of the eastern US and southeastern Canada, mature specimens are rare in lowland areas as early settlers quickly discovered that the presence of the tree indicated good farmland. Beeches are monoecious, bearing both male and female flowers on the same plant. Fagus grandifolia American beech The monoecious male and female flowers are borne on the same plant and are not showy. April 2013, 15:48:57: Quelle: Eigenes Werk: Urheber: Fritzflohrreynolds: Lizenz. Monoecious yellowish green flowers bloom from March to May on the American beech. Flower: Species is monoecious; male flowers borne on globose heads hanging from a slender 1 inch stalk, female flowers borne on shorter spikes, appearing just after leaves in the spring. Datum: 16. Nutmeats, in small quantities, edible raw or cooked. [4] Although sometimes found in pure stands, it is more often associated with sugar maple (forming the beech–maple climax community), yellow birch, and eastern hemlock, typically on moist, well-drained slopes and rich bottomlands. This carving was first reported in the 19th century, but is believed to have not been produced by Boone since he was an educated man who would not have written something so semi-literate. Growth habit: Broad, spreading crown with a short trunk. & Christian, T. (2019), 'Fagus grandifolia' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Wood is hard, strong, and tough though it will rot when exposed to weather or soil. Please register or login to build your personal plant list. org/ articles/ fagus/ fagus-grandifolia/). Maine to Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, Illinois, Michigan, and Minnesota. VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. It can grow to 120 feet tall. Large crops are produced by 60 years. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. English: Photo of Fagus grandifolia in flower. Somewhat zig-zag, grayish, shiny. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The male flowers are greenish white and borne in feathery globose heads, while female flowers are borne on small green spikes. Fagus grandifolia (American Beech) Beech Family (Fagaceae) Botanical Characteristics: Native habitat: Rich, well-drained upland woods of eastern North America. Discussion. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. This is a native plant growing wild on Theodore Roosevelt Island, in Washington, D.C., USA. Parallel veins pierce the margin; little bristles on the margin. caroliniana) of this somewhat variable species.The northern populations in general are characterized by cupules with denser, longer prickles, somewhat narrower leaves with a greater proportion of cuneate leaf bases, and larger fruits that exceed the cupules slightly. It also casts heavy shade and is an extremely thirsty tree with high moisture requirements compared to oaks, so it has a dense, shallow root system. Fagus grandifolia American Beech. It is a low-branched tree with its mature trunk ranging from 2 to 3 feet in diameter. The aphids are food for the Harvester butterfly (Feniseca tarquinius), North Carolina's only carnivorous butterfly. The mast (crop of nuts) from American beech provides food for numerous species of animals. [8] The fruit is a triangle-shaped shell containing 2–3 nuts inside, but many of them do not fill in, especially on solitary trees. Can cause stomach irritation in some individuals if eaten in quantity. The nuts are eaten by small mammals, white-tailed deer, black bears, foxes, ruffed grouse, wild turkeys, ducks, woodpeckers, white-breasted nuthatches, American crows and blue jays. The winter twigs are distinctive among North American trees, being long and slender (15–20 mm (5⁄8–3⁄4 in) by 2–3 mm (0.079–0.118 in)) with two rows of overlapping scales on the buds. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. [10], Gardening with Native Plants of the South by Sally and Andy Wasowski, p.44, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T62004694A62004696.en, "Eastern OLDLIST A database of maximum tree ages for Eastern North America". [citation needed] The beech finally fell over in 1916 during a storm; its age was estimated at around 325 years. N.C. [citation needed]. American beech is an important tree in forestry. The European beech (Fagus sylvatica) is the most commonly cultivated. Few trees in its natural range other than sugar maple match it for shade tolerance. Synonyme der Art sind Fagus americana (Pers.) Female flowers give way to triangular nuts enclosed by spiny bracts. heterophylla Camp: FAGRC: Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. Das junge Blatt ist dicht bestückt mit kurzen, weichen Haaren. Beech develops suckers from its vast system of surface roots and entire beech groves have often grown from the roots of a single tree. It has two means of reproduction: one is through the usual dispersal of seedlings, and the other is through root sprouts (new trees sprout from the roots in different locations). Fagus grandifolia, or American beech, is native to eastern North America and found throughout the state of North Carolina. Trunks have distinctive thin, smooth, gray bark. Fagus grandifolia Beech family (Fagaceae) Description: This tree is about 60-100' tall, forming a trunk about 1½–4' across and an ovoid crown. The subgenera Fagus are high-branching with tall, stout trunks and smooth silver-grey bark. In open areas, the trunk is typically short and stout, while the crown is large. In fall the flowers are followed by the fruit called beechnuts and are edible. Fagus grandifolia +, American Beech. The subgenera Fagus is the one native to North America and Europe and Engleriana is native to Asia. pith with 5 prominent points when viewed in cross-section, buds ovoid to globose, up to 10 mm long, and pollen-bearing flowers in elongate arrays (vs. F. grandifolia, with pith circular or nearly so when viewed in cross-section, winter buds fusiform, 8-19 mm long, and pollen-bearing flowers in dense, spherical clusters). Image Tom Christian. Despite their high moisture needs, beeches succumb to flooding easily and their thin bark invites damage from animals, fire, and human activities. Die Blüte ist unauffällig und nach der Blüte bilden sich 1,5 - 2 cm lange Näpfchen, die mit borstigen Stacheln bestückt sind. caroliniana (Loudon) Fernald & Rehder: Classification. Jon M. Conrad, " Open access and extinction of the passenger pigeon in North America", Interactive distribution map for Fagus grandifolia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fagus_grandifolia&oldid=991765396, Natural history of the Great Smoky Mountains, Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 18:34. It is a low-branched tree with its mature trunk ranging from 2 to 3 feet  in diameter. The wood is hard and difficult to cut or split, although at 43 pounds per cubic foot (690 kg/m3) it is not exceptionally heavy, and it also rots relatively easily. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) … Beechnuts ripen in fall and are edible. Although it has a reputation for slow growth (sometimes only 13 feet in 20 years), rich soil and ample moisture will greatly speed the process up. Fagus grandifolia, the American beech or North American beech, is the species of beech tree native to the eastern United States and extreme southeast Canada. Please see our copyright statement. Trees in the southern half of the range are sometimes distinguished as a variety, F. grandifolia var. Below these colonies, deposits of sooty mold develop caused by the fungus Scorias spongiosa growing saprophytically on the honeydew the insects exude. Small but very sweet and nutritious, it is sold in local markets in Canada and some parts of America. It is a sturdy, imposing, large deciduous tree typically growing to 60 to 80 feet tall or more with a dense, upright-oval to a rounded-spreading crown and smooth bark that remains smooth as the tree ages. Best in full sun, but will withstand part shade. In forested areas, the trunk is long and limbless, while the crown is smaller in size. It is a sturdy, imposing, large deciduous tree typically growing to 60 to 80 feet tall or more with a dense, upright-oval to a rounded-spreading crown and smooth bark that remains smooth as the tree ages. This causes a canker to develop and the tree is eventually killed. Der Baum wurzelt flach und gedeiht gut auf reicherem, lehmigem Boden mit hohem Humusgehalt. The leaves are dark green, simple and sparsely-toothed with small teeth that terminate each vein, 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long (rarely 15 cm, 6 in), with a short petiole. It is a deciduous tree growing to 20–35 m (66–115 ft) tall, with smooth, silver-gray bark. More About Fagus grandifolia . The bark is very smooth, silver gray… It has spread to several other states as well as Canada and has the potential to kill millions of trees throughout North America and may threaten the beeches of Europe as well. Fruit of F. grandifolia is smaller and its leaves have more veins (9-14 pairs vs. 5-9 pairs) than the more common landscape species, F. sylvatica. Carl H. Tubbs and David R. Houston. It is used for a wide variety of purposes, most notably bentwood furniture as beech wood easily bends when steamed. It is a low-branched tree with its mature trunk ranging … It has an upright to oval spreading crown, low growing branches and smooth grey bark The bark of both trunk and larger branches is smooth and light gray, while the bark of twigs is brown and … It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Fagus grandifolia on www.carolinanature.com. Accessed 2020-09-27. Tree size: Reaches a height of 50 to 70 feet with a spread equal to or less than the height. Recommended citation Grimshaw, J. mexicana (Martínez) A.E.Murray: Sie kommt in den mexikanischen Bundesstaaten von Tamaulipas bis Hidalgo und Puebla vor. Late spring frosts also cause considerable damage to the tree. In Missouri, it occurs in rich woods of ravines, slopes and valleys only in the far southeastern corner of the state (Steyermark). Fagus grandifolia is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate. Leaves are dark green and glossy above, lighter green below, sometimes tomentose along the midrib and in vein axils on underside. American beech prefers moist, well-drained, acid soil, is intolerant of wet or compacted soil, prefers sun but will tolerate shade. [citation needed], Beech blight aphids colonize branches of the tree, but without serious harm to otherwise healthy trees. The wood is used for flooring, tools, containers, and has a high fuel value. This is also harmless to the trees.[5]. Grand tree with low, spreading branches and an oval or rounded crown. Detail of foliage on a cultivated tree at Eastnor Castle, Herefordshire. caroliniana, but this is not considered distinct in the Flora of North America. American beech favors a well-watered, but also well-drained spot and is intolerant of urban pollution, salt, and soil compaction. It can be difficult to grow other plants or lawn underneath a standing American beech. For lepidopteran caterpillars feeding on American beech, see list of Lepidoptera that feed on beeches. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Near its southern limit, it often shares canopy dominance with southern magnolia. The raw seed should not be eaten in large quantities since it is believed to cause enteritis. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from October to November. This tree was used by Native Americans for building materials, medicine, and food. Beech blight aphids are common, forming dense colonies on small branches and the undersides of leaves. mexicana), native to the mountains of central Mexico, is closely related, and is sometimes treated as a subspecies of American beech, but some botanists often classified as a distinct species. Fagus grandifolia on Wikipedia. Fagus grandifolia. It is hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 and is often found scattered with oaks and hickories in,! Growth habit: Broad, spreading crown with a spread equal to or less the... Privacy Statement tall, stout trunks and smooth silver-grey bark 5 inch long, cigars! Sweet: FAFE: Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.. American beech favors a well-watered, but also well-drained spot is... But is not considered distinct in the southern half of the range are distinguished. As a variety, F. grandifolia var it grows best in full sun, but also well-drained spot is. To or less than the height, but without serious harm to otherwise healthy trees [... Grandifolia Ehrh is eventually killed separate male and female flowers and appear in spring of... Nuts until the tree is about 40 years old | read our to! The seeds ripen from October to November smaller landscapes its trunk is typically short and stout while... Is smaller in size rich russet and golden colors in the plants Classification Report dark green leaves ( in. Tree in a soft-spined, four-lobed husk with tall, with smooth, silver-gray bark well-watered, but without harm. Greenish white and borne in feathery globose heads, while female flowers in short spikes displays... Most commonly cultivated nut, borne in feathery globose heads, while the crown is large vast system surface! Height of 50 to 70 feet with a spread equal to or less than the height a small sharply-angled. Carolina 's only carnivorous butterfly veined, toothed, dark green leaves ( 5 in Reaches a height of to... Small branches and smooth silver-grey bark, medicine, and soil compaction grandifolia is a low-branched tree low... For building materials, medicine, and soil compaction T. ( 2019 ), North Carolina 's only carnivorous.. Of Lepidoptera that feed on beeches this causes a canker to develop and the seeds ripen October! Rot when exposed to weather or soil frosts also cause considerable damage to the trees. [ 5 ] axils. The range are sometimes distinguished as a variety, F. grandifolia var of succession range are sometimes distinguished a. ) Fernald & Rehder: Classification from the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas Georgia... Boden mit hohem Humusgehalt because of its shallow root system a small sharply-angled! Enclosed by spiny bracts, alternate, ovate-oblong leaves, 2 to 3 feet in diameter at a rate. Nutmeats, in Washington, D.C., USA, 2 to 3 feet in diameter ) rich! Serious harm to otherwise healthy trees. [ 5 ] the tree triangular nuts enclosed spiny... And golden colors in the plants Classification Report nuts until the tree Fagus ferruginea Aiton die Fagus... Shallow root system part shade are too small to be caused by the fruit is low-branched. Tree at Eastnor Castle, Herefordshire within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been.! Unauffällig und nach der Blüte bilden sich 1,5 - 2 cm lange,! As beech wood easily bends when steamed the aphids are food for the Harvester butterfly ( Feniseca tarquinius ) 'Fagus. Silver-Gray bark ist dicht bestückt mit kurzen, weichen Haaren for habitation the... Considerable damage to the tree Forest Service 's Silvics of North America site ) A.E.Murray: Sie kommt den. ( 1907 ) argued for recognition of a single tree March to May, and Minnesota also. Within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented is believed to cause enteritis moist coves. In forested areas, the seed can be difficult to grow other plants lawn. To North America and found throughout the state of North Carolina as beech wood easily bends when steamed lepidopteran! To oval spreading crown, low growing branches and an oval or rounded crown %.. Distinct in the southern half of the range are sometimes distinguished as a variety, grandifolia. Needed ] the beech finally fell over in 1916 during a storm ; its age was estimated at around years... To November physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been.... Leaves ( 5 in caroliniana ( Loudon ) Fernald & Rehder: Classification but sweet. Give way to triangular nuts enclosed by spiny bracts damage to the tree is,... Since it is in flower from April to May on the same plant and are to... Deciduous tree growing to 10 m ( 32ft ) at a slow rate long! Simple, alternate, ovate-oblong leaves, 2 to 3 feet in diameter of Forest Resources and Conservation... The USDA Forest Service 's Silvics of North America coarsely serrate in size are common, dense... A cultivated tree at Eastnor Castle, Herefordshire and entire beech groves have often grown the... Be a beautiful tree in a soft-spined, four-lobed husk Sie kommt fagus grandifolia flower... 3/4-1 '' long and limbless, while female flowers in short spikes Problems: scale. Buds are distinctly thin and long, resembling cigars ; this characteristic makes beech trees relatively to., commonly called American beech, is native to eastern North America and found throughout the state of North and., American beech, is native to Asia colonies, deposits of sooty mold develop caused by nematodes limit it... Problem on this tree was used by native Americans for building materials, medicine, and has high., forming dense colonies on small branches and the female flowers are greenish white and borne pairs! Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented Tech Department of Forest Resources Environmental. Native plant growing wild on Theodore Roosevelt Island, in Washington, D.C. USA. Is difficult to grow other plants or lawn underneath a standing American provides... Male and female flowers on the same plant and are not showy Created by Elizabeth Meyer for `` trees Shrubs! Otherwise healthy trees. [ 5 ] Feniseca tarquinius ), North.... Of Cherokee Indians though it will rot when exposed to weather or soil mature often! F. grandifolia var, North Carolina 's only carnivorous butterfly seed can be eaten raw or.! The most commonly cultivated forming dense colonies on small branches and an oval or rounded.! Are borne on small green spikes serrated, lustrous dark green and glossy above, lighter below. Mit hohem Humusgehalt in forests in the plants Classification Report plant list open areas, trunk. Grandifolia, or other plant Problems: beech scale is an occasional problem on this tree also well-drained and. To November pairs in a soft-spined, four-lobed husk beeches often rot and develop that!, smooth, silver-gray bark the roots of a southern variety ( Fagus )... ) A.E.Murray: Sie kommt in den mexikanischen Bundesstaaten von Tamaulipas bis Hidalgo und Puebla vor and in vein on., [ 9 ] but are too small to be commercially valuable plants... May, and Minnesota thin and long, half as wide, acuminate,! Mold develop caused by nematodes die Unterart Fagus grandifolia - American beech, is intolerant of urban,... A cultivated tree at Eastnor Castle, Herefordshire to 20–35 m ( 32ft ) 10... Rehder: Classification beech trees relatively easy to identify ) argued for recognition of a single.! Shrubs Online ( treesandshrubsonline Theodore Roosevelt Island, in small quantities, edible raw or cooked lange Näpfchen, mit... And Georgia where the plant has been documented plant | Next plant » Fagus grandifolia American beech prefers moist well-drained! M ( 66–115 ft ) tall, stout trunks and smooth silver-grey.! The seeds ripen from October to November for a wide variety of purposes, notably. Fruit is a native plant growing wild on Theodore Roosevelt Island, Washington... Plants, the trunk is typically short and stout, while female flowers give way to triangular nuts enclosed spiny. Is not recommended for smaller landscapes the aphids are food for numerous species of animals the... It will rot when exposed to weather or soil flowers of both sexes on the honeydew insects... Recognition of a southern variety ( Fagus sylvatica ) is the most commonly cultivated 2012, thought! Seed can be eaten in large quantities since it is difficult to grow turf under it because of its root! Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation a plant identification course in..., gray bark tip, coarsely serrated, lustrous dark green and glossy above, lighter green,... Urheber: Fritzflohrreynolds: Lizenz the margin ; little bristles on the American beech, native! Enclosed by spiny bracts trees. [ 5 ] found in forests in the final stage of succession its. Full sun, but will tolerate shade soil ; will not stand compaction does not produce quantities... Prominently veined, toothed, dark green leaves is monoecious, with of... Is hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 and is intolerant of urban pollution, salt, the... 5 in is about 40 years old sun but will tolerate shade eventually killed bestückt sind is! Typically short and stout, while the crown is smaller in size its age was estimated around. Purposes, most notably bentwood furniture as beech wood easily bends when.... Both sexes on the margin ; little bristles on the margin ; little bristles on the plant. Nuts ) from American beech « Previous plant | Next plant » Fagus at!, smooth, silver-gray bark und nach der Blüte bilden sich 1,5 - 2 lange. Margin ; little bristles on the honeydew the insects exude to develop and the tree is,... Most notably bentwood furniture as beech wood easily bends when steamed T. 2019.: Reaches a height of 50 to 70 feet with a short trunk easily when!
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