Black rhino. No set breeding season has been observed for this species. black rhinoceros covered with mud. 5 Fascinating Facts About the Black Rhino. Black rhinos are smaller and lighter than their white rhino counterparts. The black rhino is also known as the hook lipped rhino. Populations of black rhino declined dramatically in the 20 th century at the hands of European hunters and settlers. Black rhinoceroses have a sort of attack-first-and-ask-questions-later attitude. The White Rhinoceros is the most abundant rhino subspecies in the world. Through the facts and information provided, children will also learn about black rhino biology, habitat and behaviour. These are the Black rhinoceros and the white rhinoceros, both of which live in Africa. While their name implies different coloration, the black rhino is actually a gray or brown. Rhinoceros (or shortly - rhino) is the second largest land mammal (elephant is the largest). Numbers of Black rhino dropped by a staggering 96% between 1970 and 1995 but thanks to concerted rhino conservation efforts, their numbers are now rising. Both the black and white Rhino get their color from the mud where they wallow from. Two variants of African rhino species exist today: the Black rhino and the White rhino. Here are five interesting facts about the black Rhinos. Between 1970 and 1993, the population of black rhinos decreased by 96% from approximately 65,000 to only 2,300 surviving in the wild. The rhinoceros has been on our planet for 60 million years. Learn all about one of our planet’s coolest creatures with our ten top rhino facts! See more ideas about Rhino facts, Rhino, Rhinoceros. Dec 17, 2014 - Explore Save the Rhino International's board "Black Rhino Facts", followed by 813 people on Pinterest. The species is distinguished from the white rhino by a prehensile upper lip (hence the alternative name of hook-lipped rhino), which it uses to feed on twigs of woody plants and a variety of herbaceous plants. Check facts about black mambas here. Facts about Black Rhinos 8: the function of the horn. It is a low level browser preferring leaves, twigs, and branches typically favoring the edges of thickets and savannas with areas of short woody regrowth and numerous shrubs and herbs. The black rhino is “critically endangered” with only around 5,000 remaining in South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, and Kenya. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. Black rhino males maintain a territory of between 3.9-4.7km2. the black rhino. [6] Many of the remaining African rhinos live in guarded sanctuaries to protect them from hunters. But rhinos have keen senses of smell and hearing. On the other hand, the Northern White is considered critically endangered with just two captive females known to exist. These animals can be found in Africa and Asia. The black rhino is a fascinating mammal found at Kariega Game Reserve in the malaria-free Eastern Cape region of South Africa. We also know this species as the ‘hook-lipped rhino’ from the prehensile upper lip with which it grips the woody plant stems on which it feeds. Read on and enjoy a variety of interesting information about rhinoceros. Sumatran tiger. A black rhino carcass with the horn hacked off. September 22 nd is the World Rhino Day, a day to celebrate rhinos around the world and to raise awareness about the threats these magnificent creatures continue to face in the wild. Learn about the different species of rhinoceros, their thick skin, horns, weight and much more. Rhinoceros Facts. (Image credit: Lowveld Trust.) Ancestors of today’s rhinos roamed the Earth 50 million years ago. White rhino: Near threatened. In addition to their fantastic defensive traits, they have a number of small, unique, adaptations to aid in everyday life. Black rhinos have an excellent sense of smell and can sniff out predators and other rhinos by their scent trail . 30 species existed millions of years ago but today there are only 5 species - 2 African and 3 Asian. A black rhino’s skin can be up to 5cm thick. Black rhinoceros, the third largest rhinoceros and one of two African species of rhinoceros. Here are 20 interesting facts about rhinos – … Read these eye-opening facts about rhinoceros and find out! The front horn is larger and may reach 140 cm (55 in) in length, although it's usually 50 cm (20 in) long. Today, there are five different kinds of Rhino. Conservation Illegal wildlife trade. White Rhino - Ceratotherium simum. Their skin coloration is largely based on the soil types near where the rhinos wallow in the mud. Between 1960 and 1995, black rhino numbers dropped by a sobering 98%, to less than 2,500. Adult white rhinos have no natural predators, but juveniles may be taken by lions, hyenas and crocodiles. Poachers are killing rhinos because of their horns. The black rhino is smaller than the white rhino, although adults can still reach 1.5 metres in height and weigh in at 1.4 tonnes. Black Rhino Facts – The black Rhino is among the rare endangered species in Africa and it is also known as the Diceros Bicornis. The rhinoceros horn is made up of keratin - the same structural protein that makes up our hairs and nails. There happen to be two subspecies of this rhino – the Southern White and the Northern White and the Southern species had a recorded population in 2013 of well over 20,000. Another fact is that over 7,100 African rhinos have been killed in the last 10 years for the rhino horn. Indian rhino: Vulnerable. The name rhinoceros means ‘nose horn’ and is often shortened to rhino. Interesting Facts About the Black Rhino. The black rhino can live in several habitats, including wooded grasslands, savannahs and even desserts in Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa. The longest horns ever found on black rhinos have the length around 4.9 feet or 1.5 inches. Black rhino males weigh about 1,500 – 2,500 kilograms, females about nine hundred kilograms. Interesting Rhino Facts 1. The African rhinoceros are the living remnants of an ancient, diverse group of ungulates that roamed the grasslands and open savannah of Eurasia and North America for millions of years. An adult black rhinoceros stands 1.50–1.75 m (59–69 in) high at the shoulder and is 3.5–3.9 m (11–13 ft) in length. Mountain gorilla. Far more shy, secretive and aggressive than the white rhino, the black rhino can be more difficult to track and spot. The third largest of all rhino species, the black rhino can be 5 1/2 feet at the shoulder, 12 1/5 feet long and over 3,000 pounds. Covers physiology, threats, habitat and much more. Fun Fact. Black rhinos have suffered the most drastic decline of all rhino species. Since then, the species has made a tremendous comeback from the brink of extinction. Normally in an area there is a dominant male and then younger males who are submissive to these older males. Save the Rhino International works to conserve all five rhino species, by supporting rhino conservation programmes across Africa and Asia. – These large mammals have no natural predators as adults. The Black Rhino (Diceros bicornis) a.k.a Hook-lipped rhinoceros is the smaller of the two species, with a weight of between 700-1400 kg. The population, which declined by 96% between 1970 and 1992, is critically endangered and at risk from illegal poaching. The black rhinoceros typically weighs between 700 and 1,300 kg (1,500 and 2,900 pounds); males are the same size as females. African rhinoceros in general exhibit 2 horns, consisting of keratin. Rhinos sometimes fight with each other. Visit us today. While lions occasionally kill young rhinos, adult rhinos cause each other the most harm! Fun Facts for Kids. Populations of black rhino have been decimated over recent years. Black rhino females are known to be careful and protective mothers. Scientists have identified eight distinct regional subspecies of black rhino. African elephant. Please add your questions as a comment below and we will happily provide you with a detailed answer. Black rhinos are browsers that use their hooked lip to pluck at bushes and branches for food. Fast rhino facts! They have a particular liking for acacias. 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